twer20180331_10q.htm
 

 

 UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from_______to_______

 

Commission file number 001-33449

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

20-8259086

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

76 Hammarlund Way

Middletown, Rhode Island

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

02842

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (401) 848-5848

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐  

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐

Accelerated filer   ☐

Non-accelerated filer   ☐ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company   ☒

  

Emerging growth company ☐

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark, if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ☐ No ☒

 

As of May 11, 2018, there were 394,399 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Table of Contents

 

 

 

Pages

Part I

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements.

1

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2018 (unaudited) and December 31, 2017

1

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited)

2

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Deficit for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 (unaudited)

3

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited)

4-5

 

 

 

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

6-16

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

17-21

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

22

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures.

22

 

 

 

Part II

OTHER INFORMATION

 

  

  

  

Item 6.

Exhibits.

23

 

i

 

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

  

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

5,317,120

 

 

$

7,568,982

 

Accounts receivable, net of reserves for uncollectible accounts of $100,717 and $95,884, respectively

 

 

864,234

 

 

 

912,333

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

347,513

 

 

 

242,320

 

Total Current Assets

 

 

6,528,867

 

 

 

8,723,635

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

12,696,390

 

 

 

13,430,980

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets, net

 

 

1,922,656

 

 

 

2,242,471

 

Goodwill

 

 

1,674,281

 

 

 

1,674,281

 

Other assets

 

 

429,378

 

 

 

386,047

 

Total Assets

 

$

23,251,572

 

 

$

26,457,414

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

253,026

 

 

$

1,150,861

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

1,320,269

 

 

 

1,622,036

 

Accrued interest

 

 

859,985

 

 

 

722,629

 

Deferred revenues

 

 

1,083,262

 

 

 

934,450

 

Current maturities of capital lease obligations

 

 

258,209

 

 

 

382,918

 

Current liabilities of discontinued operations

 

 

1,011,526

 

 

 

1,029,022

 

Deferred rent

   

90,837

     

78,048

 

Long-term debt (callable), net of debt discounts and deferred financing costs of $598,963 and $789,287, respectively

   

34,401,795

     

33,868,700

 

Total Current Liabilities

 

 

39,278,909

 

 

 

39,788,664

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-Term Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital lease obligations, net of current maturities

 

 

364,478

 

 

 

305,947

 

Other

 

 

736,494

 

 

 

754,203

 

Total Long-Term Liabilities

 

 

1,100,972

 

 

 

1,060,150

 

Total Liabilities

 

 

40,379,881

 

 

 

40,848,814

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments (Note 15)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' Deficit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, par value $0.001; 5,000,000 shares authorized

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

Series G Convertible Preferred - 538 shares issued and outstanding, respectively; Liquidation value of $538,000 as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

Series H Convertible Preferred - 501 shares issued and outstanding, respectively; Liquidation value of $501,000 as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

Common stock, par value $0.001; 200,000,000 shares authorized; 394,399 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

 

394

 

 

 

394

 

Additional paid-in-capital

 

 

174,819,646

 

 

 

174,733,113

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(191,948,351

)

 

 

(189,124,909

)

Total Stockholders' Deficit

 

 

(17,128,309

)

 

 

(14,391,400

)

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Deficit

 

$

23,251,572

 

 

$

26,457,414

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

1

 

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(UNAUDITED)

 

   

Three Months Ended

 
   

March 31,

 
   

2018

   

2017

 
                 

Revenues

  $ 6,441,802     $ 6,572,317  
                 

Operating Expenses

               

Infrastructure and access

    2,688,722       2,708,311  

Depreciation and amortization

    1,703,597       2,433,501  

Network operations

    1,065,250       1,200,907  

Customer support

    474,816       367,682  

Sales and marketing

    748,001       864,976  

General and administrative

    1,167,760       1,537,728  

Total Operating Expenses

    7,848,146       9,113,105  

Operating Loss

    (1,406,344

)

    (2,540,788

)

Other Expense

               

Interest expense, net

    (1,417,098

)

    (1,272,272

)

Total Other Expense

    (1,417,098

)

    (1,272,272 )

Net Loss

  $ (2,823,442

)

  $ (3,813,060

)

                 

Net loss per common share – basic and diluted

  $ (7.16

)

  $ (14.50

)

                 

Weighted average common shares outstanding – basic and diluted

    394,399       262,904  

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

2

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

(UNAUDITED)

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018

 

 
   

Series G

Convertible

Preferred Stock

   

Series H

Convertible

Preferred Stock

   

Common Stock

   

Additional

Paid-In-

   

Accumulated

         
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

Shares

   

Amount

   

Shares

   

Amount

   

Capital

   

Deficit

   

Total

 
                                                                         

Balance at January 1, 2018

    538     $ 1       501     $ 1       394,399     $ 394     $ 174,733,113     $ (189,124,909

)

  $ (14,391,400

)

                                                                         

Stock-based compensation for options

    -       -       -       -       -       -       86,533       -       86,533  
                                                                         

Net Loss

    -       -       -       -       -       -       -       (2,823,442

)

    (2,823,442

)

                                                                         

Balance at March 31, 2018

    538     $ 1       501     $ 1       394,399     $ 394     $ 174,819,646     $ (191,948,351

)

  $ (17,128,309

)

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Cash Flows From Operating Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(2,823,442

)

 

$

(3,813,060

)

Adjustments to reconcile loss from continuing operations to net cash used in continuing operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for doubtful accounts

 

 

35,000

 

 

 

7,000

 

Depreciation for property, plant and equipment

 

 

1,383,782

 

 

 

2,015,617

 

Amortization for intangible assets

 

 

319,815

 

 

 

417,884

 

Amortization for debt discount and deferred financing costs

 

 

190,324

 

 

 

290,700

 

Interest added to principal

 

 

342,771

 

 

 

321,813

 

Accrued interest

   

137,356

     

-

 

Stock-based compensation - Options

 

 

86,533

 

 

 

352,281

 

Loss on the sale of property, plant and equipment

   

42,152

     

-

 

Stock-based compensation - Employee stock purchase plan

 

 

-

 

 

 

54

 

Deferred rent

 

 

(4,920

)

 

 

(27,684

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

13,099

 

 

 

(114,890

)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

(105,193

 

 

50,967

 

Other assets

 

 

(43,331

)

 

 

(191

)

Accounts payable

 

 

(897,835

)

 

 

(148,858

)

Accrued expenses

 

 

24,974

 

 

 

383,748

 

Deferred revenues

 

 

148,812

 

 

 

(46,860

)

Total Adjustments

 

 

1,673,339

 

 

 

3,501,581

 

Net Cash Used In Continuing Operating Activities

 

 

(1,150,103

)

 

 

(311,479

)

Net Cash Used In Discontinued Operating Activities

 

 

(17,496

)

 

 

(71,253

)

Net Cash Used In Operating Activities

 

$

(1,167,599

)

 

$

(382,732

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows From Investing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisitions of property and equipment

 

 

(915,354

)

 

 

(556,530

)

Proceeds from the sale of property, plant and equipment

   

15,000

     

-

 

Change in security deposits

 

 

-

 

 

 

(10,533

Net Cash Used In Investing Activities

 

$

(900,354

)

 

$

(567,063

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows From Financing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repayment of capital leases

 

 

(183,909

)

 

 

(254,800

)

Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan

 

 

-

 

 

 

304

 

Net Cash Used In Financing Activities

 

$

(183,909

)

 

$

(254,496

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Decrease In Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continuing Operations

 

 

(2,234,366

)

 

 

(1,133,038

)

Discontinued Operations

 

 

(17,496

)

 

 

(71,253

)

Net Decrease In Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

 

(2,251,862

)

 

 

(1,204,291

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents – Beginning

 

 

7,568,982

 

 

 

12,272,444

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents – Ending

 

$

5,317,120

 

 

$

11,068,153

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 (UNAUDITED)

 

   

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information

 

2018

   

2017

 

Cash paid during the periods for:

               

Interest

  $ 746,726     $ 661,419  

Income taxes

  $ 669     $ 730  

Acquisition of property and equipment:

               

Included in accrued expenses

  $ 278,905     $ 154,093  

Included in capital leases

  $ 117,731     $ -  
Interest added to note principal   $ 342,771     $ 321,813  

 

5

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

Note 1. Organization and Nature of Business

 

Towerstream Corporation (referred to as “Towerstream” or the “Company”) was incorporated in Delaware in December 1999. During its first decade of operations, the Company's business activities were focused on delivering fixed wireless broadband services to commercial customers over a wireless network transmitting over both regulated and unregulated radio spectrum. The Company's fixed wireless service supports bandwidth on demand, wireless redundancy, virtual private networks, disaster recovery, bundled data and video services. The Company provides services to business customers in New York City, Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle, Miami, Dallas-Fort Worth, Houston, Philadelphia, Las Vegas-Reno and Providence-Newport. The Company's “Fixed Wireless” business has historically grown both organically and through the acquisition of five other fixed wireless broadband providers in various markets.

 

In January 2013, the Company incorporated a wholly-owned subsidiary, Hetnets Tower Corporation (“Hetnets”), to operate a new business designed to leverage its fixed wireless network in urban markets to provide other wireless technology solutions and services. Hetnets built a carrier-class network which offered a shared wireless infrastructure platform, primarily for (i) co-location of customer owned antenna and related equipment and (ii) Wi-Fi access and offloading. The Company referred to this as its “Shared Wireless Infrastructure” or “Shared Wireless” business. During the fourth quarter of 2015, the Company determined to exit this business and curtailed activities in its smaller markets. The remaining network, located in New York City (or “NYC”), was the largest and had a lease access contract with a major cable company. As a result, the Company explored opportunities during the fourth quarter of 2015 and continuing into the first quarter of 2016 to sell the NYC network.

 

On March 9, 2016, the Company completed a sale and transfer of certain assets pursuant to an asset purchase agreement with a large cable company (the "Buyer"). Under the terms of the agreement, the Buyer assumed certain rooftop leases and acquired ownership of and the right to operate the Wi-Fi access points and related equipment associated with such leases. The Company retained ownership of all backhaul and related equipment, and the parties entered into an agreement under which the Company provides backhaul services to the Buyer. The agreement is for a three-year period with two one-year renewals and is cancellable by the Buyer on sixty days’ notice. During the first quarter of 2016, the Company determined that it would not be able to sell the remainder of the NYC network, and accordingly, all remaining assets were redeployed into the fixed wireless network or written off. 

 

In March 2018, the Company announced that its board of directors commenced an evaluation of strategic repositioning of the Company as it moves to leverage its existing key assets in major U.S. markets. In conjunction with such announcement, the Company is launching a concerted focus on indirect and wholesale channels and has retained Bank Street Group LLC as its independent financial advisor to explore strategic alternatives, including the sale of some or all of the Company’s business or assets.  There can be no assurances that the process will result in a transaction. Any potential strategic alternative will be evaluated by the board. The Company does not intend to discuss developments with respect to the evaluation process unless a transaction is approved, or disclosure becomes appropriate.

 

 

Note 2. Liquidity, Going Concern and Management Plans

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $5.3 million and working capital deficiency of approximately $32.8 million. The Company incurred significant operating losses since inception and continues to generate losses from operations and as of March 31, 2018, the Company has an accumulated deficit of $191.9 million. These matters raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date these financial statements are issued. Management has also evaluated the significance of these conditions in relation to the Company’s ability to meet its obligations. The condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of asset amounts or the classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

The Company has monitored and reduced certain of its operating costs over the course of 2017 and into the first quarter of 2018. Historically, the Company has financed its operations through private and public placement of equity securities, as well as debt financing and capital leases. The Company’s ability to fund its longer term cash requirements is subject to multiple risks, many of which are beyond its control. The Company intends to raise additional capital, either through debt or equity financings or through the potential sale of the Company’s assets in order to achieve its business plan objectives. Management believes that it can be successful in obtaining additional capital; however, no assurance can be provided that the Company will be able to do so. There is no assurance that any funds raised will be sufficient to enable the Company to attain profitable operations or continue as a going concern. To the extent that the Company is unsuccessful, the Company may need to curtail or cease its operations and implement a plan to extend payables or reduce overhead until sufficient additional capital is raised to support further operations. There can be no assurance that such a plan will be successful. 

 

6

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED 

 

 

 

Note 3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation. The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial statements and with Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, they do not contain all information and footnotes required by GAAP for annual financial statements. The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all the adjustments necessary (consisting only of normal recurring accruals) to present the financial position of the Company as of March 31, 2018 and the results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year for any future period.

 

These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. The Company’s accounting policies are described in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, and updated, as necessary, in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

Retroactive Adjustment for Reverse Stock Split. On September 29, 2017, the Company effected a one-for-seventy-five reverse stock split of its common stock. Consequently, all earnings per share and other share related amounts and disclosures have been retroactively adjusted for all periods presented.

 

Use of Estimates. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the amounts of revenues and expenses. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Key estimates include fair value of certain financial instruments, carrying value of intangible assets, reserves for accounts receivable and accruals for liabilities.

  

Concentration of Credit Risk. Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist of cash and cash equivalents. At times, our cash and cash equivalents may be uninsured or in deposit accounts that exceed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insurance limits. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had cash and cash equivalent balances of approximately $5.1 million in excess of the federally insured limit of $250,000.

 

Intrinsic Value of Stock Options and Warrants. The Company calculates the intrinsic value of stock options and warrants as the difference between the closing price of the Company’s common stock at the end of the reporting period and the exercise price of the stock options and warrants.

  

Recent Accounting Pronouncements. In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09 (“ASU 2014-09), “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”. The FASB has consolidated ASU 2014-19 and other revenue accounting standards for specialized transactions and industries into one Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (“ASC 606”). The core principle of ASC 606 is that revenue is recognized when the transfer of goods or services to customers occurs in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The Company has adopted ASC 606 as of January 1, 2018 and utilized the modified retrospective method of adoption. See Note 13, Revenues, for further information regarding the implementation and required disclosures related to the Company’s revenues.

 

Reclassifications. Certain accounts in the prior year’s condensed consolidated financial statements have been reclassified for comparative purposes to conform to the presentation in the current year’s condensed consolidated financial statements. These reclassifications have no effect on the previously reported net loss.

 

Subsequent Events. Subsequent events have been evaluated through the date of this filing.

 

7

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED

 

 

 

 Note 4.    Discontinued Operations

 

During the fourth quarter of 2015, the Company determined to exit the business conducted by Hetnets and curtailed activities in its smaller markets. The remaining network, located in NYC, was the largest and had a lease access contract with a major cable company. As a result, the Company explored opportunities during the fourth quarter of 2015 and continuing into the first quarter of 2016 to sell the NYC network. On March 9, 2016, the Company completed a sale and transfer of certain assets pursuant to an asset purchase agreement with the Buyer. Under the terms of the agreement, the Buyer assumed certain rooftop leases and acquired ownership of and the right to operate the Wi-Fi access points and related equipment associated with such leases. The Company retained ownership of all backhaul and related equipment, and the parties entered into an agreement under which the Company provides backhaul services to the Buyer. The agreement is for a three-year period with two one-year renewals and is cancellable by the Buyer on sixty-days’ notice. In connection with the agreement, the Company transferred to the Buyer a net book value of network assets aggregating $2,660,041 in exchange for the backhaul agreement valued at $3,837,783. The backhaul agreement has been recorded as an intangible asset in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

The components of the balance sheet accounts presented as discontinued operations were as follows:

 

   

March 31,

2018

   

December 31,

2017

 
                 

Liabilities:

               

Accrued expenses - leases

  $ 1,011,526     $ 1,029,022  

Total Current Liabilities

  $ 1,011,526     $ 1,029,022  

 

Accrued expenses represent the estimated cost of terminating the leases associated with the Hetnets business. Accordingly, disbursements associated with such activity during the period ended March 31, 2018 were recorded as reductions to that estimated liability. As of March 31, 2018 and based upon negotiations, settlements and experiences through that date, the Company had reduced that remaining estimated liability by $17,496 to $1,011,526.

 

 

 

Note 5. Property and Equipment, Net

 

Property and equipment, net is comprised of:

 

 

 

March 31,

2018

 

 

December 31,

2017

 

Network and base station equipment

 

$

43,954,530

 

 

$

43,573,869

 

Customer premise equipment

 

 

35,628,144

 

 

 

34,996,202

 

Information technology

 

 

4,882,523

 

 

 

4,881,332

 

Furniture, fixtures and other

 

 

1,715,524

 

 

 

1,715,524

 

Leasehold improvements

   

1,516,039

     

1,651,300

 

Accrual – equipment received not invoiced

 

 

278,905

 

 

 

605,646

 

 

 

 

87,975,665

 

 

 

87,423,873

 

Less: accumulated depreciation

 

 

75,279,275

 

 

 

73,992,893

 

Property and equipment, net

 

$

12,696,390

 

 

$

13,430,980

 

 

Depreciation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 was $1,383,782 and $2,015,617, respectively.

 

8

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED 

  

 

Property acquired through capital leases included within the Company’s property and equipment consists of the following:

 

 

 

 

March 31,

2018

 

 

December 31,

2017

 

Network and base station equipment

 

$

2,629,526

 

 

$

2,629,526

 

Customer premise equipment

 

 

1,387,104

 

 

 

1,269,373

 

Information technology

 

 

1,860,028

 

 

 

1,860,028

 

 

 

 

5,876,658

 

 

 

5,758,927

 

Less: accumulated depreciation

 

 

4,811,407

 

 

 

4,708,697

 

Property acquired through capital leases, net

 

$

1,065,251

 

 

$

1,050,230

 

 

 

 

Note 6. Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net

 

Intangible assets, net consist of the following: 

 

   

March 31,

2018

   

December 31,

2017

 
                 

Goodwill

  $ 1,674,281     $ 1,674,281  
                 

Backhaul agreement

    3,837,783       3,837,783  

Less: accumulated amortization

    2,665,127       2,345,312  

Backhaul agreement, net

    1,172,656       1,492,471  
                 

FCC licenses

    750,000       750,000  
                 

Intangible assets, net

  $ 1,922,656     $ 2,242,471  

  

Amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 was $319,815 and $417,884, respectively. The fair value of the backhaul agreement acquired in the transaction with the large cable company, as described in Note 4, is being amortized on a straight-line basis over the three-year term of the agreement. The Company’s licenses with the Federal Communications Commission (the “FCC”) are not subject to amortization as they have an indefinite useful life. Future amortization expense is as follows:

 

Remainder of 2018

    959,446  

2019

    213,210  

Total

  $ 1,172,656  

 

9

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED 

 

 

 

Note 7. Accrued Expenses

 

Accrued expenses consist of the following: 

 

   

March 31,

2018

   

December 31,

2017

 

Payroll and related

  $ 564,017     $ 515,448  

Professional services

    163,680       318,979  

Other

    138,208       279,374  

Property and equipment

    278,905       320,043  

Network

    175,459       188,192  

Total

  $ 1,320,269     $ 1,622,036  

 

Network represents costs incurred to provide services to the Company’s customers including tower rentals, bandwidth, troubleshooting and gear removal.

 

 

 

Note 8. Other Long-Term Liabilities

 

Other long-term liabilities consist of the following:

 

   

March 31,

2018

   

December 31,

2017

 
                 

Deferred rent

  $ 399,896     $ 417,605  

Deferred taxes

    336,598       336,598  

Total

  $ 736,494     $ 754,203  

 

 

 

Note 9. Long-Term Debt

 

Long-term debt (callable) consists of the following:

 

 

 

March 31,

2018

 

 

December 31,

2017

 

Principal

 

$

35,000,758

 

 

$

34,657,987

 

Unamortized debt discount

 

 

(598,963

)

 

 

(789,287

)

Total

 

$

34,401,795

 

 

$

33,868,700

 

 

In October 2014, the Company entered into a $35,000,000 note ("Note") with Melody Business Finance, LLC ("Lender") wherein the Company received net proceeds of $33,950,000 after a 3% original issue discount.

  

This Note matures on October 16, 2019 and accrues interest on the basis of a 360-day year at:

 

a)

A rate equal to the greater of: i) the sum of the one-month Libor rate on any given day plus 7% or ii) 8% per annum. The one-month Libor rate was 1.88% as of March 31, 2018. Interest accrued at this rate is paid in cash at the end of each quarter; plus

 

b)

A rate of 4% per annum. Interest accrued at this rate is added to the principal amount at the end of each quarter.

 

This Note is secured by a first-priority lien and security interest in all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries, excluding the capital stock of the Company, and certain capital leases, contracts and assets secured by purchase money security interests.

 

10

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED 

 

 

The Note contains representations and warranties by the Company and the Lender, certain indemnification provisions in favor of the Lender and customary covenants (including limitations on other debt, liens, acquisitions, investments and dividends), and events of default (including payment defaults, breaches of covenants, a material impairment in the Lender’s security interest or in the collateral, and events relating to bankruptcy or insolvency). The Note contains several restrictive covenants and the most significant of which requires the Company to maintain a minimum cash balance of $6,500,000 at all times. Upon the occurrence of an event of default, an additional 5% interest rate will be applied to the outstanding loan balances, and the Lender may terminate its lending commitment, declare all outstanding obligations immediately due and payable, and take such other actions as set forth in the Note to secure its interests.

 

Effective January 26, 2018, the Company entered into a Forbearance to Loan Agreement (the “Agreement”) with the Lender, as administrative agent to the lenders under the loan agreement entered into on October 16, 2014 by and among the Company, certain of its subsidiaries, the Lender and the lender’s party thereto (the “Loan Agreement”). Pursuant to the Agreement, the Lender, through March 30, 2018 (the “Forbearance Period”), waived the Company’s requirement to maintain at least $6,500,000 minimum in deposit accounts or securities accounts (the “$6,500,000 Minimum”) and agreed to forbear from exercising any of its rights with respect to an event of default related to the $6,500,000 Minimum provided that the interest on the Note shall accrue at the default rate. The Forbearance Period shall terminate upon the Company’s failure to maintain at least $4,000,000 minimum in deposit accounts or securities accounts or upon the occurrence of certain events of default. The Agreement was amended and restated effective February 28, 2018 to also include a forbearance of Section 6.1(a)(i) of the Loan Agreement “Qualified Auditor’s Report” in the event that the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017 contained a going concern qualification. The Agreement was further amended and restated effective March 30, 2018 to extend the forbearance period until April 15, 2018. The Company has classified long term debt within current liabilities as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Effective April 15, 2018, the Company entered into a second amended and restated Forbearance to Loan Agreement (the “Second Amended and Restated Agreement”) with the Lender as more fully discussed in Note 16 Subsequent Events.

 

The Company has the option to prepay the Note in the minimum principal amount of $5,000,000 plus integral amounts of $1,000,000 beyond that amount subject to certain prepayment penalties. Mandatory prepayments are required upon the occurrence of certain events, including but not limited to: i) the sale, lease, conveyance or transfer of certain assets, ii) issuance or incurrence of indebtedness other than certain permitted debt, iii) issuance of capital stock redeemable for cash or convertible into debt securities; and iv) any change of control.

 

A discount of $6,406,970 to the face value of the Note was recorded upon its issuance and that discount is being amortized over the term of the Note using the effective interest rate method. That discount consisted of:

 

a)

$2,463,231 representing the fair value of warrants simultaneously issued to the Lender for the purchase of up to 1,600 and 800 shares of the Company's common stock at $1,890.00 and $15.00 per share, respectively, through April 2022. The fair value of these warrants was calculated utilizing the Black-Scholes option pricing model;

 

b)

$2,893,739 in costs incurred associated with obtaining this financing arrangement which consisted primarily of professional fees; and

 

c)

$1,050,000 related to a 3% original issue discount.

 

On November 8, 2016 and in connection with a financing transaction, an investor acquired $5,000,000 of the Company's obligations to the Lender consisting of principal and accrued interest of $4,935,834 and $64,166, respectively. The investor then immediately exchanged such obligations for 1,000 shares of the Company's Series D Convertible Preferred Stock and warrants for the purchase of up to 53,334 shares of the Company's common stock. In connection with that exchange, the Company:

 

a)

Wrote-off the portion of the unamortized debt discount and deferred financing costs associated with the exchanged principal and recorded a charge to interest expense of $331,609. The accrued interest and the adjustment to the unamortized debt discount activity described in this paragraph are separate from and unrelated to the amounts appearing in the following paragraphs; and

 

b)

Recorded a non-cash loss on extinguishment of debt charge of $500,000. This amount represents the difference between the fair value of the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock of $5,500,000 and the carrying amount of the debt of $5,000,000 as of the date of the exchange.

 

11

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED 

 

 

The Company recorded interest expense of $1,210,697 and $965,439 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Of those amounts, the Company will pay the Lender $867,926 and $643,626 and add $342,771 and $321,813 of interest to the principal amount of the Note during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

The Company recorded amortization expense of $190,324 and $290,700 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and classified those amounts as interest expense.

 

 

 

Note 10. Stock Options and Warrants

 

Stock Options Plans

 

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to value options issued to employees, directors and consultants. Compensation expense, including the estimated effect of forfeitures, is recognized over the period of service, generally the vesting period. Stock compensation expense and the weighted average assumptions used to calculate the fair values of stock options granted during the periods indicated were as follows:

 

   

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
   

2018

   

2017

 

Risk-free interest rate

    -

%

    1.7 %

Expected volatility

    -

%

    110 %

Expected life (in years)

    -       4.2  

Expected dividend yield

    -       -  

Estimated forfeiture rates

    -

%

    20 %

Weighted average per share grant date fair value

  $ -     $ 9.84  

Stock-based compensation

  $ 86,533     $ 352,281  

 

The risk-free interest rate was based on rates established by the Federal Reserve. The expected volatility was based upon the historical volatility for the Company’s common stock. The Company utilized historical data to determine the expected life of stock options. The dividend yield reflected the fact that the Company has not historically paid dividends, and does not expect to pay dividends in the foreseeable future. Stock-based compensation is included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations. The unamortized amount of stock options expense totaled $141,635 as of March 31, 2018 which will be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.6 years.

 

Option transactions under the stock option plans during the three months ended March 31, 2018 were as follows:

 

   

Number

   

Weighted

Average

Exercise Price

 

Outstanding as of January 1, 2018

    76,601     $ 117.42  

Granted during 2018

    -       -  

Cancelled /expired

    (163 )     544.60  

Outstanding as of March 31, 2018

    76,438     $ 116.51  

Exercisable as of March 31, 2018

    50,055     $ 168.87  

 

12

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED 

 

  

Cancellations for the three months ended March 31, 2018 consisted of 149 related to employee terminations and 14 were associated with the expiration of options.

 

The weighted average remaining contractual life of the outstanding options as of March 31, 2018 was 8.7 years.

 

There was no intrinsic value associated with the options outstanding and exercisable as of March 31, 2018. The closing price of the Company’s common stock at March 31, 2018 was $3.50 per share.

 

Stock Warrants

 

There were 2,400 warrants outstanding and exercisable as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, with a weighted-average exercise price of $1,265.00. The weighted average remaining contractual life of the warrants was 4.1 years.

 

There was no aggregate intrinsic value associated with the warrants outstanding and exercisable as of March 31, 2018.

 

 

Note 11. Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

Under the Company’s 2010 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP Plan”), participants can purchase shares of the Company’s stock at a 15% discount. A maximum number of 334 shares of common stock can be issued under the ESPP Plan of which all of the authorized shares have been issued as of March 31, 2018. There were no participants in the ESPP Plan during the three months ended March 31, 2018. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, a total of 30 shares were issued under the ESPP Plan with a fair value of $358. The Company recognized $54 of stock-based compensation related to the 15% discount for the three months ended March 31, 2017.

 

 

Note 12. Fair Value Measurement

 

The FASB’s accounting standard for fair value measurements establishes a valuation hierarchy for disclosure of the inputs to valuation used to measure fair value. This hierarchy prioritizes the inputs into three broad levels. Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Level 2 inputs are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly through market corroboration, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs based on the Company’s own assumptions used to measure assets and liabilities at fair value. A financial asset or liability’s classification within the hierarchy is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

 

13

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED 

 

 

The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate their fair value due to their short maturities. There were no changes in the valuation techniques during the three months ended March 31, 2018.

 

 

Note 13. Revenues

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.” The core principle of ASC 606 is that revenue is recognized when the transfer of goods or services to customers occurs in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The Company has adopted ASC 606 as of January 1, 2018 and utilized the modified retrospective method of adoption which includes the deferral of commission costs associated with obtaining its customer contracts and revenues associated with customer installations.  The impact to revenues for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 was a reduction of $65,576 as a result of applying Topic 606.  The prior year information has not been restated as the application of Topic 606 did not have a material impact on the accounting treatment of 2017 revenues and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for that period. 

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Generally, the Company considers all revenues as arising from contracts with customers.  Revenue is recognized based on the five-step process outlined in ASC606:

 

Step 1 – Identify the Contract with the Customer – A contract exists when (a) the parties to the contract have approved the contract and are committed to perform their respective obligations, (b) the entity can identify each party’s rights regarding the goods or services to be transferred, (c) the entity can identify the payment terms for the goods or services to be transferred, (d) the contract has commercial substance and € it is probably that the entity will collect substantially all of the consideration to which it will be entitled in exchange for the goods or services that will be transferred to the customer.

 

Step 2 – Identify Performance Obligations in the Contract – Upon execution of a contract, the Company identifies as performance obligations each promise to transfer to the customer either (a) goods or services that are distinct or (b) a series of distinct goods or services that are substantially the same and have the same pattern of transfer to the customer.  To the extent a contract includes multiple promised goods or services, the Company must apply judgement to determine whether the goods or services are capable of being distinct within the context of the contract.  If these criteria are not met, the goods or services are accounted for as a combined performance obligation.

 

Step 3 – Determine the Transaction Price – When (or as) a performance obligation is satisfied, the Company shall recognize as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the performance obligation.  The contract terms are used to determine the transaction price.  Generally, all contracts include fixed consideration.  If a contract did include variable consideration, the Company would determine the amount of variable consideration that should be included in the transaction price based on expected value method.  Variable consideration would be included in the transaction price, if in the Company’s judgement, it is probable that a significant future reversal of cumulative revenue under the contract would not occur.

 

Step 4 – Allocate the Transaction Price – After the transaction price has been determined, the next step is to allocate the transaction price to each performance obligation in the contract.  If the contract only has one performance obligation, the entire transaction price will be applied to that obligation.  If the contract has multiple performance obligations, the transaction price is allocated to the performance obligations based on the relative standalone selling price (SSP) at contract inception.

 

Step 5 – Satisfaction of the Performance Obligations (and Recognize Revenue) – When an asset is transferred and the customer obtains control of the asset (or the services are rendered), the Company recognizes revenue.  At contract inception, the Company determines if each performance obligation is satisfied at a point in time or over time.  For device sales, revenue is recognized at a point in time when the goods are transferred to the customer and they obtain control of the asset.  For maintenance contracts, revenue is recognized over time as the performance obligations in the contracts are completed.

 

Disaggregation of Revenue

 

We provide fixed wireless business internet service to companies ranging from small businesses to fortune 500 companies.  The Company recognizes the total revenue provided under a contract ratably over the contract period, including any periods under which the Company has agreed to provide services at no cost. The Company generally enters into contractual agreements with its customers for periods ranging between one to three years.

 

Deferred Revenues

 

Customers are billed monthly in advance. Deferred revenues are recognized for that portion of monthly charges not yet earned as of the end of the reporting period. Deferred revenues are also recognized for certain customers who pay for their services in advance.

 

The Company also defers installation fees billed to the customer and commission costs associated with obtaining new contracts.  The installation fees and commission costs are amortized over the average contract term of new contracts. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had $65,576 of deferred installation fees which is included in Deferred Revenues on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet and $105,550 of deferred commission costs included in Other Current Assets on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet. 

 

14

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED 

 

 

 

Note 14. Net Loss Per Common Share

 

Basic and diluted net loss per share has been calculated by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period.

 

The following common stock equivalents were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per common share because they were anti-dilutive. The exercise or issuance of these common stock equivalents would dilute earnings per share if the Company becomes profitable in the future.

 

   

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
   

2018

   

2017

 

Stock options

    76,438       70,587  

Warrants

    2,400       2,400  

Series D Convertible Preferred Stock

    -       41,100  

Series F Convertible Preferred Stock

    -       56,200  

Series G Convertible Preferred Stock

    71,734       -  

Series H Convertible Preferred Stock

    53,440       -  

Total

    204,012       170,287  

 

 

 Note 15. Commitments

 

Operating Lease Obligations

 

The Company has entered into operating leases related to roof rights, cellular towers, office space, and equipment leases under various non-cancelable agreements expiring through June 2023. Certain of these operating leases include extensions, at the Company's option, for additional terms ranging from one to fifteen years. Amounts associated with the extension periods have not been included in the table below as it is not presently determinable which options, if any, the Company will elect to exercise. As of March 31, 2018, total future operating lease obligations were as follows:

 

Remainder of 2018

  $ 6,326,739  

2019

    6,582,121  

2020

    4,297,526  

2021

    2,401,804  

2022

    1,172,735  

Thereafter

    462,033  

Total

  $ 21,242,958  

 

Rent expenses were as follows:

 

   

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
   

2018

   

2017

 

Points of Presence

  $ 2,217,640     $ 2,106,103  

Corporate offices

    59,673       81,524  

Other

    2,37,290       97,256  

Total

  $ 2,514,603     $ 2,284,883  

 

15

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED 

 

 

Rent expenses related to Points of Presence were included in infrastructure and access in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations. Rent expense related to our corporate offices was allocated between general and administrative, sales and marketing, customer support, and network operations expense in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations. Other rent expenses were included in network operations within the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

In October 2017, the Company amended the lease agreement for its corporate offices and warehouse space located in Rhode Island. The amended lease commenced on January 1, 2018 and expires on December 31, 2024 with an option to renew for an additional five-year term through December 31, 2024. Total annual rent payments begin at $183,256 for 2018 and escalate by approximately 2.5% annually reaching $213,422 for 2024.

 

Capital Lease Obligations

 

The Company has entered into capital leases to acquire property and equipment expiring through August 2020. As of March 31, 2018, total future capital lease obligations were as follows:

 

Total Capital lease obligation:

       

Remainder of 2018

  $ 235,122  

2019

    274,230  

2020

    186,102  

Subtotal

    695,454  

Less: Interest Expense

    (72,767

)

Total

  $ 622,687  
         

Total Capital lease obligation:

       

Current

  $ 258,209  

Long-term

    364,478  

Total

  $ 622,687  

 

 

 

Note 16 - Subsequent Events

 

Effective April 15, 2018, the Company entered into a second amended and restated Forbearance to Loan Agreement (the “Second Amended and Restated Agreement”) with the Lender and the majority lenders under the Loan Agreement entered into on October 16, 2014 by and among the Company, certain of its subsidiaries, the Lender and the lenders party thereto.  Pursuant to the Second Amended and Restated Agreement, the Lender and the majority lenders waived the Company’s requirement under Section 6.1(a)(i) of the Loan Agreement to deliver to the Lender an auditor’s report without a “going concern” qualification (the “Qualified Report”). The Forbearance Period is through June 30, 2018 (the “Second Forbearance Period”). In addition, the Lender, through the Second Forbearance Period, waived the Company’s requirement to maintain the $6,500,000 Minimum in deposit accounts or securities accounts and agreed to forbear from exercising any of its rights with respect to an event of default related to the Qualified Report through the Forbearance Period, which is June 30, 2018 and the $6,500,000 Minimum. The Second Forbearance Period shall terminate upon the Company’s failure to maintain at least $3,000,000 minimum in deposit accounts or securities accounts or upon the occurrence of certain events of default. The Company also agreed, among other things, (i) to certain milestones in connection with a proposed sale of the Company, (ii) subject to applicable law, to cease filing periodic reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission and (iii) to issue to the Lender a new series of preferred stock that will be entitled to receive upon a liquidation event a distribution as set forth in the Second Amended and Restated Agreement.

 

16

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion and analysis summarizes the significant factors affecting our condensed consolidated results of operations, financial condition and liquidity position for the three months ended March 31, 2018. This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 and the condensed consolidated unaudited financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this filing. The following discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates, and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements.

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

Forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including without limitation, statements related to our plans, strategies, objectives, expectations, intentions and adequacy of resources, are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Investors are cautioned that such forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties including without limitation the following: (i) our plans, strategies, objectives, expectations and intentions are subject to change at any time at our discretion; (ii) our plans and results of operations will be affected by our ability to manage growth and competition; and (iii) other risks and uncertainties indicated from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as ‘‘may,’’ ‘‘will,’’ ‘‘should,’’ ‘‘could,’’ ‘‘expects,’’ ‘‘plans,’’ ‘‘intends,’’ ‘‘anticipates,’’ ‘‘believes,’’ ‘‘estimates,’’ ‘‘predicts,’’ ‘‘potential,’’ or ‘‘continue’’ or the negative of such terms or other comparable terminology. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements. Moreover, neither we nor any other person assumes responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of such statements. Readers are cautioned not to place too much reliance on these forward-looking statements which speak only as of the date hereof. We are under no duty to update any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

Non-GAAP Measures and Reconciliations to GAAP Measures

 

We prepare our financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). We use certain Non-GAAP measures to monitor our business performance. These Non-GAAP measures are not recognized under GAAP. Accordingly, investors are cautioned about using or relying on these measures as alternatives to recognized GAAP measures. Our methods of calculating these measures may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies.

 

Characteristics of Revenues and Expenses

 

We offer broadband services under agreements for periods normally ranging between one to three years. Pursuant to these agreements, we bill customers on a monthly basis, in advance, for each month of service. Payments received in advance of services performed are recorded as deferred revenues and recognized as revenue ratably over the service period.

 

Infrastructure and access expenses relate directly to maintaining our network and providing connectivity to our customers. Infrastructure primarily relates to our Points-of-Presence ("PoPs") where we install a substantial amount of equipment, mostly on the roof, which we utilize to connect numerous customers to the internet. We enter into long term lease agreements to maintain our equipment on these PoPs and these rent payments comprise the majority of our infrastructure and access costs. Access expenses primarily consist of bandwidth connectivity agreements that we enter into with national service providers.

 

Network operations costs relate to the daily operations of our network and ensuring that our customers have connectivity within the terms of our service level agreement. We have employees based in our largest markets who are dedicated to ensuring that our network operates effectively on a daily basis. Other employees monitor network operations from our network operating center which is located at our corporate headquarters. Payroll comprises approximately 60% to 70% of network operations costs. Information technology systems and support comprises approximately 10% to 20% of network operations costs.

 

Customer support costs relate to our continuing communications with customers regarding their service level agreement. Payroll comprises approximately 75% to 85% of customer support costs. Other costs include shipping, troubleshooting, and facilities related expenses.

 

Sales and marketing expenses primarily consist of the salaries, benefits, travel and other costs of our sales and marketing teams, as well as marketing initiatives and business development expenses.

  

17

 

 

General and administrative expenses include costs attributable to corporate overhead and the overall support of our operations. Salaries and other related payroll costs for executive management and finance personnel are included in this category. Other costs include accounting, legal and other professional services, and other general operating expenses.

 

Overview – Fixed Wireless

 

We provide fixed wireless broadband services to commercial customers and deliver access over a wireless network transmitting over both regulated and unregulated radio spectrum. Our service supports bandwidth on demand, wireless redundancy, virtual private networks, disaster recovery, bundled data and video services.

  

As of March 31, 2018, we provide service to business customers in twelve metropolitan markets consisting of New York, Boston, Los Angeles, Chicago, San Francisco, Miami, Seattle, Dallas-Fort Worth, Houston, Philadelphia, Las Vegas-Reno and Providence-Newport. Although we provide services in multiple markets, these operations have been aggregated into one reportable segment based on the similar economic characteristics among all markets, including the nature of the services provided and the type of customers purchasing such services. The markets were launched at different times, and as a result, may have different operating metrics based on their size and stage of maturation. We incur significant up-front costs in order to establish a network presence in a new market. These costs include building PoPs and network costs. Other material costs include hiring and training sales and marketing personnel who will be dedicated to securing customers in that market. Once we have established a network presence in a new market, we are capable of servicing a significant number of customers. The rate of customer additions varies from market to market, and we are unable to predict how many customers will be added in a market during any specific period

 

Overview - Shared Wireless Infrastructure

 

In January 2013, the Company incorporated a wholly-owned subsidiary, Hetnets Tower Corporation (“Hetnets”), to operate a new business designed to leverage its fixed wireless network in urban markets to provide other wireless technology solutions and services. Hetnets built a carrier-class network which offered a shared wireless infrastructure platform, primarily for (i) co-location of customer owned antenna and related equipment and (ii) Wi-Fi access and offloading. The Company referred to this as its “Shared Wireless Infrastructure” or “Shared Wireless” business. During the fourth quarter of 2015, the Company determined to exit this business and curtailed activities in its smaller markets. The remaining network, located in New York City (or “NYC”), was the largest and had a lease access contract with a major cable company. As a result, the Company explored opportunities during the fourth quarter of 2015 and into the first quarter of 2016 to sell the NYC network.

 

As further described in Note 4 to our condensed consolidated financial statements, on March 9, 2016, the Company completed a sale and transfer of certain assets to the major cable company (the “Buyer”). The asset purchase agreement provided that the Buyer would assume certain rooftop leases in NYC and acquire ownership of the Wi-Fi access points and related equipment associated with operating the network. The Company retained ownership of all backhaul and related equipment and the parties entered into a backhaul services agreement under which the Company will provide bandwidth to the Buyer at the locations governed by the leases. The agreement is for a three-year period with two one-year renewals and is cancellable by the Buyer on sixty days’ notice. The operating results and cash flows for Hetnets have been presented as discontinued operations in these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2017

 

Continuing Operations – Fixed Wireless

 

Revenues. Revenues totaled $6,441,802 during the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $6,572,317 during the three months ended March 31, 2017 representing a decrease of $130,515, or 2%. The decrease is due to the $65,576 net impact of adopting ASC 606 and fewer total customers offset by new customers having a higher average rate per unit, and a lower overall customer churn rate.

 

Customer Churn. Customer churn, calculated as a percent of revenue lost on a monthly basis from customers terminating service or reducing their service level, totaled 1.09% during the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to 1.39% during the three months ended March 31, 2017. Churn levels can fluctuate from period to period depending upon whether customers move to a location not serviced by the Company, go out of business, or a myriad of other reasons.

 

18

 

 

Infrastructure and Access. Infrastructure and access totaled $2,688,722 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $2,708,311 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 representing a decrease of $19,589, or 1%. The decrease primarily relates to lower bandwidth costs offset by higher tower rental costs.

  

Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization totaled $1,703,597 during the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $2,433,501 during the three months ended March 31, 2017 representing a decrease of $729,904 or 30%. Depreciation expense totaled $1,383,782 during the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $2,015,617 during the three months ended March 31, 2017 representing a decrease of $631,835, or 31%. The depreciation decrease is due to capital investment activity being lower than historical levels and a higher percentage of assets becoming fully depreciated.

 

Amortization expense totaled $319,815 during the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $417,884 during the three months ended March 31, 2017 representing a decrease of $98,069, or 23%.  The decrease in amortization expense was due to customer related intangible assets that were fully amortized as of the first quarter of 2018.

 

Network Operations. Network operations totaled $1,065,250 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $1,200,907 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 representing a decrease of $135,657, or 11%. The primary reason for the decrease is lower IT costs of $106,393, or 47%, due primarily to decreased third party support and software license fees.

 

Customer Support. Customer support totaled $474,816 for the months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $367,682 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 representing an increase of $107,134, or 29%. Payroll expense increased $48,365, or 16%, due to the addition of new employees in the 2018 period and support cost increased $58,769, or 100%, primarily due to higher maintenance costs.

 

Sales and Marketing. Sales and marketing expenses totaled $748,001 during the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $864,976 during the three months ended March 31, 2017 representing a decrease of $116,975, or 14%. Payroll expenses have decreased $140,378, or 25%, due to the reduction of employee headcount. Travel and entertainment decreased by $25,467, or 32%, due to cost savings initiatives, offset by increased indirect channel commissions of $52,651, or 25%, associated with the Company’s residual program which pays continuing commissions as long as the referred business is a customer.

 

General and Administrative. General and administrative expenses totaled $1,167,760 during the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $1,537,728 during the three months ended March 31, 2017 representing a decrease of $369,968, or 24%. Stock-based compensation decreased $265,802 as there were no options issued during the quarter, professional fees decreased $199,432, offset by increased payroll costs of $52,894.

 

Interest Expense, Net. Interest expense, net totaled $1,417,098 during the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $1,272,272 during the three months ended March 31, 2017 representing an increase of $144,826, or 11%. Interest expense relates to the $35,000,000 secured term loan which closed in October 2014 and capital lease arrangements. The increase is primarily attributable to the interest rate change which occurred with the forbearance agreement as more fully described in Note 9, Long-Term Debt to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

19

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Changes in capital resources during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 are described below.

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. As of March 31, 2018, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $5.3 million and working capital deficiency of approximately $32.8 million. We have incurred significant operating losses since inception and continue to generate losses from operations and as of March 31, 2018, we have an accumulated deficit of $191.9 million. These matters raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date these financial statements are issued. Management has also evaluated the significance of these conditions in relation to the Company's ability to meet its obligations. The condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of asset amounts or the classification of liabilities that might be necessary should we be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

Historically, we have financed our operation through private and public placement of equity securities, as well as debt financing and capital leases. Our ability to fund our longer term cash requirements is subject to multiple risks, many of which are beyond our control. We intend to raise additional capital, either through debt or equity financings or through the potential sale of our assets in order to achieve our business plan objectives. Management believes that it can be successful in obtaining additional capital; however, no assurance can be provided that we will be able to do so. There is no assurance that any funds raised will be sufficient to enable us to attain profitable operations or continue as a going concern. To the extent that we are unsuccessful, we may need to curtail or cease our operations and implement a plan to extend payables or reduce overhead until sufficient additional capital is raised to support further operations. There can be no assurance that such a plan will be successful.

 

Continuing Operations

 

Net Cash Used In Operating Activities. Net cash used in operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2018 totaled $1,150,103 compared to $311,479 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 representing an increase of $838,624.  The increase in cash used in operations is due to a $983,390 increase in cash outflows associated with operating assets and liabilities, $844,852 decrease in non-cash items, offset by a decrease of $989,618 in net loss.

 

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities. Net cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2018 totaled $900,354 compared to $567,063 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 representing an increase of $333,291. Cash capital expenditures totaled $915,354 in the 2018 period compared to $556,530 in the 2017 period representing an increase of $358,824. Capital expenditures can fluctuate from period to period depending upon the number of customer additions and upgrades, network construction activity related to increasing capacity or coverage, and other related reasons.

 

Net Cash Used In Financing Activities. Net cash used in financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2018 totaled $183,909 compared to $254,496 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 representing a decrease of $70,587. The majority of the payments for both periods relate to capital lease payments.

 

Discontinued Operations

 

Net cash used in discontinued operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018 was $17,496 compared to $71,253 for the three months ended March 31, 2017, representing a decrease of $53,757. See Note 4 “Discontinued Operations” within the notes to our condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information about our discontinued operations.     

 

20

 

 

Other Considerations

 

Debt Financing. In October 2014, we entered into a loan agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with Melody Business Finance, LLC (the “Lender”). The Lender provided us with a five-year $35,000,000 secured term loan. The loan was issued at a 3% discount and the Company incurred $2,893,739 in debt issuance costs. Net proceeds were $31,056,260.

 

The loan bears interest at a rate equal to the greater of (i) the sum of the most recently effective one month LIBOR as in effect on each payment date plus 7% or (ii) 8% per annum, and additional paid in kind (“PIK”), or deferred, interest that accrues at 4% per annum.

 

The aggregate principal amount outstanding plus all accrued and unpaid interest is due in October 2019. The Company had the option of making principal payments (i) on or before October 16, 2016 (the “Second Anniversary”) but only for the full amount outstanding and (ii) after the Second Anniversary in minimum amount(s) of $5,000,000 plus multiples of $1,000,000.

 

In connection with the Loan Agreement and pursuant to a Warrant and Registration Rights Agreement, we issued warrants to purchase 2,400 shares of common stock of which two-thirds have an exercise price of $1,890.00 and one-third have an exercise price of $15.00, subject to standard anti-dilution provisions. The warrants have a term of seven and a half years.

 

In November 2016, the Company entered into a series of agreements wherein $5,000,000 of the Company’s senior secured debt due to Lender was canceled and the Company simultaneously issued 1,000 shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock and warrants to purchase 53,334 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $100.50 per share.  The cancellation of that debt serves to reduce the balloon payment due in October 2019 by that amount and reduce interest payments by $400,000 on an annual basis.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the amounts of revenues and expenses. Critical accounting policies are those that require the application of management’s most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often because of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and that may change in subsequent periods. In preparing the financial statements, we utilize available information, including our past history, industry standards and the current economic environment, among other factors, in forming our estimates and judgments, giving appropriate consideration to materiality. Actual results may differ from these estimates. In addition, other companies may utilize different estimates which may impact the comparability of our results of operations to other companies in our industry. We believe that of our significant accounting policies, the following may involve a higher degree of judgment and estimation, or are fundamentally important to our business.

 

Revenue Recognition. We generally enter into contractual agreements with our customers for periods ranging between one to three years. We recognize the total revenue provided under a contract ratably over the contract period including any periods under which we have agreed to provide services at no cost. Deferred revenues are recognized as a liability when billings are issued in advance of the date when revenues are earned. We apply the revenue recognition principles set forth under ASC 606 which provides for revenue to be recognized based on the application of a principle based five-step model as follows: (i) identification of the contract, (ii) identification of the performance obligations in the contract, (iii) determination of the transaction price, (iv) allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations, and (v) recognition of revenue as the performance obligations are satisfied.

 

Long-Lived Assets. Long-lived assets with definite lives consist primarily of property and equipment, and intangible assets such as acquired customer relationships. Long-lived assets are evaluated periodically for impairment or whenever events or circumstances indicate their carrying value may not be recoverable. Conditions that would result in an impairment charge include a significant decline in the fair value of an asset, a significant change in the extent or manner in which an asset is used, or a significant adverse change that would indicate that the carrying amount of an asset or group of assets is not recoverable. When such events or circumstances arise, an estimate of the future undiscounted cash flows produced by the asset, or the appropriate grouping of assets, is compared to the asset’s carrying value to determine if impairment exists. If the asset is determined to be impaired, the impairment loss is measured based on the excess of its carrying value over its fair value. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of their carrying value or net realizable value.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements. We have no off-balance sheet arrangements, financings, or other relationships with unconsolidated entities known as ‘‘Special Purposes Entities.’’

 

21

 

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

Market risk is the potential loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices. Our primary market risk relates to interest rates. At March 31, 2018, all cash and cash equivalents are immediately available cash balances.   

 

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the ‘‘Exchange Act’’). Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by an issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the issuer’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based upon our evaluation, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective, as of March 31, 2018, in ensuring that material information that we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our system of internal control over financial reporting during the three months ended March 31, 2018 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

22

 

 

 PART II

OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

Exhibit No.

Description

31.1

Section 302 Certification of Principal Executive Officer.

31.2

Section 302 Certification of Principal Financial Officer.

32.1

Section 906 Certification of Principal Executive Officer.

32.2

Section 906 Certification of Principal Financial Officer.

101.INS

XBRL Instance Document*

101.SCH

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document*

101.CAL

XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase Document*

101.LAB

XBRL Taxonomy Labels Linkbase Document*

101.PRE

XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase Document*

101.DEF

XBRL Definition Linkbase Document*

 


*Attached as Exhibit 101 to this report are the following financial statements from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, (iv) the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Deficit, and (v) related notes to these financial statements.  

 

23

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

 

TOWERSTREAM CORPORATION  

 

 

 

 

Date: May 15, 2018

By:  

/s/ Ernest Ortega

 

Ernest Ortega

Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

By:

/s/ John Macdonald

 

 

John Macdonald

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

 

24

 

 

 EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit No.

 

Description

31.1

 

Section 302 Certification of Principal Executive Officer.

31.2

 

Section 302 Certification of Principal Financial Officer.

32.1

 

Section 906 Certification of Principal Executive Officer.

32.2

 

Section 906 Certification of Principal Financial Officer.

101.INS

 

XBRL Instance Document*

101.SCH

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document*

101.CAL

 

XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase Document*

101.LAB

 

XBRL Taxonomy Labels Linkbase Document*

101.PRE

 

XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase Document*

101.DEF

 

XBRL Definition Linkbase Document*

 


*Attached as Exhibit 101 to this report are the following financial statements from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, (iv) the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Deficit, and (v) related notes to these financial statements.  

 

25

ex_113248.htm

EXHIBIT 31.1

CERTIFICATION OF THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO
SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Ernest Ortega, certify that:

 

 

(1)  

I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Towerstream Corporation for the quarter ended March 31, 2018;

 

  

  

 

(2)  

Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

  

  

 

(3)  

Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects, the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

  

  

 

(4)  

The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

 

a)  

Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

 

 

 

b)

Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  

  

 

c)  

Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  

  

 

d)  

Disclosed in the report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of the annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

(5)  

The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

 

a)  

All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  

  

 

b)  

Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: May 15, 2018

 

 

/s/ Ernest Ortega

  

Ernest Ortega
Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

ex_113249.htm

EXHIBIT 31.2

CERTIFICATION OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO
SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, John Macdonald, certify that:

 

 

(1)  

I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Towerstream Corporation for the quarter ended March 31, 2018;

 

  

  

 

(2)  

Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

  

  

 

(3)  

Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects, the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

  

  

 

(4)  

The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

 

a)  

Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

 

 

 

b)

Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

 

 

 

c)  

Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  

  

 

d)  

Disclosed in the report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of the annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

(5)  

The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

 

a)  

All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  

  

 

b)  

Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: May 15, 2018

 

 

/s/ John Macdonald

  

John Macdonald
Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

 

ex_113250.htm

EXHIBIT 32.1

CERTIFICATION OF THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER
PURSUANT TO 18 U.S. C. SECTION 1350
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Towerstream Corporation, (the ‘‘Company’’) on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2018 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the ‘‘Report’’), I, Ernest Ortega, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that, to my knowledge:

 

 

 (1)  

The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

 

 

 

 (2)  

The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

  

Date: May 15, 2018

 

 

/s/ Ernest Ortega

  

Ernest Ortega
Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

ex_113251.htm

EXHIBIT 32.2

CERTIFICATION OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Towerstream Corporation, (the ‘‘Company’’) on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2018, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the ‘‘Report’’), I, John Macdonald, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that, to my knowledge:

 

 

 (1)  

The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

 

 

 

 (2)  

The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

  

Date: May 15, 2018

 

 

/s/ John Macdonald

  

John Macdonald
Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)